Laws and regulations concerning preternatural citizens, vampire hunters, federal marshals of the preternatural branch, and other law enforcement involved in preternatural cases (like RPIT) change constantly along the series. One big reason for this is that human authorities who have little to no experience with the preternatural world struggle trying to keep the legislation up to date with all the complexities that have arisen after the legalization of vampires within United States, and the preternatural world struggles trying to hide the harsh realities that might scare the humans into outlawing vampires again.

Before series Edit

  • Preternatural crime was handled by bounty hunters and vampire hunters.
  • Gaia's law: if there is any chance that remains are humanoid, an ambulance must be present at a crime scene.
    • Three years before The Lunatic Cafe.
    • Did not lead to any extra funding for the emergency services.
    • Did lead to ambulances getting called to cart away coyote remains as if they were werewolves, even if wereanimals turn back to human form after death.
  • Vampires became legal citizens after famous court case Addison v. Clark.
    • After Those Who Seek Forgiveness (Strange Candy anthology). (Inconsistent with the timeline presented in Dead Ice.)
    • Two years before Guilty Pleasures. (Inconsistent with the timelines presented in Burnt Offerings and Dead Ice.)
    • Three years before Bloody Bones.
    • Four years before Burnt Offerings.
    • Anita's senior year in college, Zerbrowski was already a cop. (Dead Ice)
    • It seems that the author changed her mind and moved the date earlier after the very early parts of the series, since the Burnt Offerings and Dead Ice versions can be made to match each other. The Bloody Bones version can match either timeline if we treat years as computers generally do (only full ones count).
    • As USA became one of the first countries in the world to legalize vampires, the immigration people were having trouble keeping foreign vampires from immigrating in flocks. (Guilty Pleasures)
    • Preternatural crime was moved to be police responsibility, without giving them any extra training, manpower, or even equipment for the most part. (Bloody Bones)
  • Bill of Life widened the definition of life to include some forms of the living dead.
    • Previous year from Selling Houses (Strange Candy anthology). Legal ramifications were still being figured out, and during the story Supreme Court decides to uphold a New Jersey court ruling that a well-known banker and real estate investor Mitchell Davies is still legally alive despite being a vampire.
  • Vampirism and lycanthropism were still legal grounds for terminating employment in some professions, like military and law enforcement, despite it becoming illegal to discriminate based on either condition.
  • Vampire executioners started requiring warrants.
    • Mortality rate went up, because suddenly the vampire executioners needed to be able to defend their actions in a court or end up on murder charges, and hesitation against preternatural criminals is easily fatal. (Hit List)
    • Some vampire executioners went to jail for murder for acting without a warrant, even if the killed vampire was proved to be a serial killer. (Hit List)
  • Vampires always get executed immediately instead of imprisoned after a trial.
    • Reason: deemed too dangerous for jail after a few bloody escapes. (The Harlequin)
  • Vampire executioners don't need a search warrant to enter someone's home, a warrant of execution is enough. (The First Death)

Guilty Pleasures Edit

  • Legal issues that are still being fought over in courts following legalization of vampires:
    • Are heirs supposed to give their inheritance back if the original owner rises as a vampire.
    • Does a person become a widow if their spouse becomes a vampire.
    • Is it a murder to slay a vampire (law says yes, not everyone agrees).
  • There's a movement to give vampires voting rights.

The Laughing Corpse Edit

Circus Of The Damned Edit

  • People can degree in dying wills that they want to be staked if they die with even one vampire bite.
    • Grounds for an emergency staking before the corpse can raise as a vampire.
    • Removes the need of an execution warrant.
      • Apparently this carries over to after the vampire has already risen, or at least no one mentions the issue after the fact.
  • New: Carrying vampire execution kit without a court order of execution means automatic jail time.
    • Came to effect only weeks before the events of the book.
    • Attempt to keep some overzealous executioners from killing people without a warrant.
    • No law against carrying a zombie raising kit.
  • Special forces have silver bullets, R.P.I.T. doesn't (Dolph has put in a requisition).
  • Cops are supposed to wait for special forces before going into a preternatural situation, unless they belong to R.P.I.T.
  • All vampire victims (at least in St. Louis) are brought to morgues equipped to handle freshly risen vampires
    • Unclear if this is by law or just common sense.
    • In St. Louis the dedicated morgue is at the basement of St. Louis City Hospital regardless of which county the victims die in.
      • All vampire victims are kept in a special vault room with steel reinforced everything and crosses laid on the outside of the door. Also contains a feeding tank with rats, rabbits, and/or guinea pigs to take off the edge of the initial blood lust.
  • New: when a vampire rises, there's a vampire counselor present to guide their first steps in unlife.
    • Pioneer program (coverage unknown), been in effect a little over a month.
  • New: cross-shaped tie tacks are standard issue for the St. Louis police.
  • A zombie can be raised to dictate their will, but the control must be only on the animator or another neutral party.

The Lunatic Cafe Edit

  • There's a dentist in Texas who is being sued by a patient who claims she contracted lycanthropy from him.
    • Impossible to infect anyone in human form, but the case hasn't been thrown out.
  • By law, nagas should be in hospital computer system.
    • Anita isn't sure if they actually are.
  • There's no client-animator privilege.
    • If police asks for information, the animator is legally obliged to give it.
    • If the animator refuses, they can be charged for obstruction of justice.
  • Using magic to kill is an automatic death sentence.
    • Once convicted, the sentence will be carried out within forty-eight hours.
    • No appeals or pardons.
    • Theoretical or at least claimed potential for commuting the sentence if perpetrator co-operates with investigation well enough—Anita doesn't find this likely.
  • R.P.I.T still hasn't got silver bullets.

Bloody Bones Edit

  • Anita calls herself "the legal vampire executioner for a three-state area", which hints that John Burke's vampire executioner status is secondary in relation to her.
  • New federal law in the works for giving vampire executioners badges and federal status.
    • Triggered by Senator Brewster's daughter getting killed by a vampire a few weeks earlier.
    • Anita is against the idea on general level, although it would make her own work easier and she thinks it would work for her personally. For John Burke she thinks it would be a terrible idea.
    • Would theoretically give a vampire executioner the right to march into any police station in the country and demand assistance.
      • Anita suspects that in practice the reception from the cops would be chilly.
    • There's talk about expanding the law to include all preternatural kills, not just vampire ones.
    • Wouldn't cover bounty hunters.
  • There are less than a dozen licensed vampire executioners in the whole country.
    • Anita can name eight (presumably including herself), two of whom are retired.
    • Most specialize in vampires, only a few look into other kinds of preternatural crimes.
  • There has been some talk about being able to keep vampires imprisoned instead of executed, if their arms and legs are cut off.
    • Inspired by the vampire community delivering the senator's daughter's attacker in a sack to the senator's home in such state.
    • Vetoed on the grounds of cruel and unusual punishment.
    • Wouldn't make it safe to imprison really old vampires in any case.
  • There has been no vampire serial killers in the recorded history.
    • Suspicion of such case makes it enough for Feds to come to play.
  • Love charms are illegal, fairie glamor that does about the same thing isn't if everyone involved knows you are doing it and agrees to it.
  • Using undue preternatural influence is grounds for being arrested.
    • Misdemeanor for humans, presumably more serious for non-humans.
  • There's a ban on unseelie court of faeries moving to U.S.
    • Doesn't cover any unseelie court that may have come to the country before the ban went to effect.
  • Anything discerned about an ongoing police investigation by psychic means must be held confidential or the person is liable just the same as if the information was stolen out of actual files.
  • Using magic on police officers while committing a crime is a class C felony and grounds for arrest.
    • Escape from a baseless arrest is a crime.
  • Feeding from a consensual glamor is unseelie court behavior.
  • It's still illegal to carry vampire executioner's kit without a specific court order of execution.
  • Vampire executioners are paid for each kill to fulfill a warrant, but it's not a lot of money.
  • At some unspecified time in the past there was a vampire being questioned by the police in Mississippi, who had been accidentally transferred to a cell with a window, and consequently burned to death when the sun rose.
    • An ACLU lawyer sued the cops and won.
    • An older vampire, like Jean-Claude, could have escaped fairly easily, but using vampire powers to escape would be grounds for arrest in turn.
  • Using zombies to kill counts as using magic to kill and as such is grounds for death sentence.
    • Self-defence is not an acceptable plea.

The Killing Dance Edit

  • Brewster's Law is still in the works.
    • The Vampire Council is worried this is prelude to vampires being outlawed again and as a precaution have forbidden master vampires from quarreling with each other until the law is dead or passed. Failure to comply would warrant death sentence from the Council. Anita finds these fears largely unfounded.
  • Still illegal to discriminate against lycanthropes, still doesn't stop people from doing so.
  • Anita's sawed-off shotgun is illegal, and while she has a permit to own her Uzi she doesn't have a permit to carry it.
  • Vampire mind tricks are allowed for entertainment purposes, but the targets have to be informed and willing. Mass hypnosis is allowed, but one-on-one mind tricks are not.
    • With the right judge directly bespelling an unwilling victim may be grounds for execution.
  • Western states still have substantial bounties for wereanimals. In some of them actual wrongdoing isn't required from the wereanimal's part, as long as a blood test or some other medical test performed post-mortem proves that the person in question was indeed lycanthrope.
    • Wyoming is considering changing its laws thanks to three wrongful death suits that made it to their state supreme court.
  • Anita has more legal vampire kills (over twenty) than any other person in the states.
  • A vampire that hasn't risen for the first time doesn't have the law's protection. The moment they wake up they become legal citizens.
  • ...

Burnt Offerings Edit

Blue Moon Edit

Obsidian Butterfly Edit

Narcissus In Chains Edit

Cerulean Sins Edit

Incubus Dreams Edit

  • An unconscious shapeshifter can be signed into a safe house if they are deemed to be dangerous.
  • ...

Micah (novella) Edit

Danse Macabre Edit

The Harlequin Edit

  • Warrants of execution are mostly for vampires, for lycanthropes they are rare.
  • One-on-one mind control is illegal, mass hypnosis isn't.
  • Vampires aren't allowed to drink blood without getting the donor's permission first.
  • New: vampires aren't allowed to use their powers to get sex.
    • Added previous year.
    • Compares to date rape drug, except for vampires the only punishment option is death.
  • Humans must be notified in a vampire's place of business.
  • If a warrant isn't executed in a timely manner, Anita expects to have to explain herself to the marshal services, even if that hasn't happened to any new marshal of the preternatural branch yet.

Blood Noir Edit

  • Federal marshals are required to take along their vampire hunting gear while traveling, even for personal reasons.
    • Reason for the regulation: federal marshal had been on a family vacation that turned into a vampire hunt for the local cops. His lack of gear had been listed as a major reason for the hunt going badly.
    • Does not give Anita enough leeway to bring a Heckler and Koch MP5 and phosperous grenades to a commercial plane.
  • Preternatural Endangerment Act: Allows a vampire executioner to use deadly force if civilian lives are in immediate danger.
    • Reason for the act: A couple of civilians died while marshals waited for warrants.
    • Leaves Anita badge-less and gun-less and unable to take on new warrants for a couple of weeks while her case is reviewed after the fact.
  • The man who leads vampires to Anita and Jason is charged with kidnapping and attempted murder, no special vampire-related laws mentioned.

Skin Trade Edit

Flirt (novella) Edit

No laws or regulations mentioned.

Bullet Edit

  • The marshals have enough vampire executioners that Anita is called for consultation instead of doing the main hunting.
  • Vampire lobby lawyers complain that executing the Master of the City of Atlanta dooms many of his lower level vampires to certain death.

Hit List Edit

  • New: Federal marshals have right to deputize civilians. This covers both the marshals being without official backup, and if they feel that the individual's skill set is of benefit to the execution of their warrant and will save civilian lives.
    • Reason: the previous month a marshal died because backup didn't arrive in time, but a soldier who had just returned from Iraq managed to finish off the shapeshifter with the marshal's weapons.
    • Anita considers this a civil rights problem waiting to happen.
  • Warrants are reassigned if a marshal is dead or too injured to continue the hunt. They can also sign over the warrant voluntarily.
  • New: Marshals have to test their physical capability with the Hostage Rescue Unit, which is the marshal version of SWAT.
    • Reason: previous year marshal injured and two civilians died because he wasn't fit enough.
  • Oldest warrant of execution in a joined case becomes the senior officer.
    • Probable reason: desire to phase out old-timers and give new law enforcement trained marshals opportunities to gain experience and prove themselves.

Beauty (eShort) Edit

No laws or regulations mentioned.

Kiss the Dead Edit

  • Law enforcement officers are allowed to use psychic abilities in the performance of their duties if they think that's the only way to prevent further loss of life.
    • Doesn't cover magic, does cover Anita's necromancy.
    • A 15-year-old about to be turned into a vampire, and two officers missing in action, are enough to count when the suspect has proven uncooperative with more normal means.
  • Dueling is illegal for humans and vampires alike.
  • Taking a 15-year-old is kidnapping, even if he or she goes willingly, because they are minors. Taking a minor for the purpose of turning them into a vampire is an attempted murder for the same reason. Turning a minor is a murder, and the warrant of execution covers everyone who has touched them.
  • New: crosses are unfair intimidation against preternatural suspects. Holy objects are allowed in the interrogation room only if the vampire is under arrest for an assault or murder, and the officer in question feels they need protection of something that can't be taken away from them like a weapon could.
    • Thanks to this law Anita has to leave her cross into the locker for the duration of the interrogation.
    • Still can't shoot a vampire suspect without a warrant if they attack the interrogator, but bringing a cross is OK, as is threatening with a gun.
    • Dead officers likewise give other officers a reasonable fear for their lives, and allows crosses to be kept visible while guarding prisoners.
  • Protocol is to leave interrogated vampires completely shackled.
  • When a marshal serving a warrant is killed and the vampire moves to another state, the warrant is electronically transferred to the marshal who is next up in the rotation in that state.
  • A warrant of execution is always a no-knock warrant, i.e. the marshal and their potential backup don't need to announce themselves before coming through the door.
  • Preternatural Endangerment Act is still in effect.
    • Not supposed to be invoked without knowing for certain someone is hurt or there is a hostage situation.
    • Also covers the police backing up the marshal. Originally covered only the marshal, but that had made police reluctant to act as backup, which had also led to unnecessary loss of life.
    • The moment there is an opportunity, the marshal serving the warrant needs to put on their vampire hunting gear, or there's a reasonable doubt that the situation isn't as threatening as invoking the act requires. A marshal who didn't do so ended up on trial for murder, and was found guilty. The case is still in appeals, but in the meantime the marshal is in prison. The police working with the marshal were also charged, but released before trial for having acted in good faith.
    • Unlike in Blood Noir, there is no investigation period afterwards with the marshal benched for the duration, because there aren't enough of them to keep taking them out of field unless there's clear reason to suspect foul play.
    • Anita finds it prudent to warn any prisoners beforehand about the legal requirement to gear up, as the first time she did it the prisoner thought she was going to kill him. She'd ended up having to do just that when the vampire freaked out, even if that hadn't been the plan at all.
  • Marshals don't have to care about barrel length restrictions for carrying.
  • Marshal is required to take the heads and hearts of any killed vampires to ensure they are dead.
  • Vampire being executed under a warrant doesn't need to be dead before the heart or the head is removed.
  • Vampires suspected of murder can be killed if they try to escape.
  • A patient has the right to refuse both medical and metaphysical aid, even if it leads to their death.
  • Vampires can't lawyer up against murder charges.
  • Admitting to police that they watched the officers being murdered makes vampires guilty of murder in the eyes of the law. Admitting the watching to just the marshal might or might not be enough.
    • There might be some leeway under the new law to not execute such vampires if they help to catch the vampires who did the actual deed.
  • New: vampire executioners must carry stakes as before, but also an amputation saw for decapitating, and something to stuff into the mouths in morgue stakings (most use garlic, but dried rosebuds and petals work just as well to serve the superstition and law and smell better at that). They should also wear a face shield, but using coveralls is their own choice.
  • When a marshal with an active warrant tells a SWAT member to shoot it will automatically be a clean shot and there won't be an investigation.

Affliction Edit

Dancing (eShort) Edit

No laws or regulations mentioned.

Shutdown (eShort) Edit

No laws or regulations mentioned.

Jason (novella) Edit

Dead Ice Edit

Crimson Death Edit

  • One-to-one mind control is legal so long as the human gives the Vampire consent beforehand.

A Girl, a Goat, and a Zombie (eShort) Edit

No laws or regulations mentioned.

Wounded (eShort) Edit

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